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Framework – The 5Ms 1E Methodology

A framework that provides a structured method of identifying root causes

A fishbone template on 5M 1E methodology

The 5Ms 1E methodology is a step-by-step approach to solving problems and finding the root causes. By looking at the five M’s – Man, Machine, Material, Method, and Measurement and one E – Environment, organizations can figure out what’s causing the problem and implement the right solutions. This methodology helps organizations improve and keep getting better.

The 5Ms 1E Methodology


  • “Man” means the people involved in a process or task. It includes those who do the work and those who make decisions. By evaluating their skills, training, and how engaged they are, organizations can find any issues that might be causing the problem.


  • Machine refers to the equipment and tools used in a process or task. By checking their condition, how well they work, and if they’re maintained properly, organizations can see if any problems with the machinery are causing the issue. Regular maintenance and inspections are essential.


  • Methods are the ways of doing things in a process or task. By analyzing the current methods to see how a process functions, organizations can find any inefficiencies, bottlenecks, or deviations from the standard ways of doing things at work. It helps them make improvements to be more efficient and effective.


  • Materials are the resources and supplies used in a process or task. These include things like raw materials, parts, and anything needed. By looking at the quality, availability, and how to handle materials, organizations can identify if any material-related problems are causing the issue.


  • Measurement means using data and indicators to track and assess a process or task. Analyzing the data and indicators can help organizations find patterns, variations, or anomalies connected to the problem. Understanding the data helps pinpoint the causes and develop appropriate solutions.


  • Environment refers to the physical factors and conditions around a process or task. These include temperature, lighting, noise, safety measures, and work culture. By evaluating how these factors affect the process, organizations can identify if any external factors are causing or impacting the problem. Addressing environmental factors creates a better and more supportive work environment.

The 5Ms 1E methodology is a structured approach to solving problems and finding their root causes. By looking at Man, Machine, Material, Method, Measurement, and Environment, organizations can systematically identify the major causes of problems and implement targeted solutions. This methodology helps organizations understand all the factors influencing a process or task and enables them to improve.

Who should use The 5Ms 1E Methodology template?

  • Anyone who wants to implement 5M 1E framework for root cause analysis of any incident or problem

Why use this template?

  • This fishbone helps to understand the 5Ms 1E framework and its basic approach to any issues.
  • Anyone can change the template in the smartQED environment while troubleshooting any problem.
  • Create or customize your templates for various problems and incident analyses in smartQED.

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